The purpose of this post is to help you understand how to plant seeds outdoors.
Sowing seeds outdoors is an inexpensive and fun way to grow new plants in your garden. A wide range of hardy flowers can be grown if you know how to sow the seeds properly. It’s that time of year again. The days are getting longer, the sun is shining brighter, and there’s a hint of summer in the air. This means it’s time to start planning your garden for next season!
One thing you should never forget when planting seeds outdoors is how important it is to sow them correctly. Follow this guide so you can plant your garden right from the start. Planting seeds improperly may lead to poor growth or even death later on down the road!
How to plant seeds outdoors
Sowing seeds is already simple and easy but using some tips and tricks, and you can make it even easier.
Sow at the proper depth
Read the seed packet for information before you sow the seeds. It is generally known that seeds should not be planted too deep. The average depth should be two times the seed’s diameter. To start the process, you can either poke individual holes for the seeds or create a furrow. For making the holes, you can also use a pencil. Some kinds of seeds need to be pressed into the soil surface because they need light to germinate. They cannot be buried under.
Seed spacing needs attention
Seeds like lettuces, radishes, carrots, and the rest of them can be planted densely at first, but they can be thinned down to the correct spacing when the seedlings are tiny. All the seeds may not germinate, so plant some extra seeds as well.
Plant in defined rows
For beginners, it is recommended not to scatter the seeds widely. They must go through the seed packet for specifics. Planting the seeds in rows comes with many advantages. Weeds don’t grow in rows, and you can identify seedlings from weedlings. It is a common observation that rows must be spaced about a foot apart.
Firm the soil
As soon as you are done with sowing the seeds, firm the soil. That is necessary for good contact between the seed and the soil.
Watering the new seeds
It is suggested that you water the new seeds with much care. The hose should not be turned on the full strength because it can wash the seeds away or drift them together. To provide moisture to the soil, you can use a nice gentle mist. Another way is to let the water hose slowly trickle down the area.
Suppose a hard crust forms, weak seedlings of carrots can make an effort to break through the soil surface. Crusting can be avoided if you add a thin layer of fine mulch or compost after covering seeds with the soil. Another way is to mix the seeds that germinate quickly like radishes with these seeds while planting. Radishes will break through the crust and allow weaker seedlings to grow and germinate.
Hill vining plants
Large vining plants like squash, melons, and cucumbers need to be planted on a hill when you are direct-sowing. Make sure that each hill is spaced 4-8 feet apart. On each hill, you must plant 4-7 seeds in a circle in 5-inch intervals. When seedlings have 2 or 3 leaves, thin them down.
On each hill, get rid of all but 2-3 large, healthy, well-spaced plants. If there are more than three plants on each hill, it will lead to crowding. You will be facing a greater chance of disease and lower yields as a result of crowding.
Marking the spot
The spots where you plant the vegetables are very easy to forget. So mark them. It is very important because you will have to differentiate between seedlings and weeds. To label the rows, you can use a popsicle stick.
Looking after your seedlings
Seedlings appear within a couple of months and are usually vulnerable in the first few months, so they need to be taken care of.
Keep slugs away
Keep your place protected from slugs and snails because they are most likely to be found on your seedlings population as they like to eat soft, juicy seedlings.
Keep the compost moist
Seedlings don’t have deep roots do they can soon if they dry out. Keep a check on the soil. If it’s dry below the surface, water it. To prevent damage to the seeds, you can use a watering can with a fire hose.
Weed every few weeks
Seedlings should not compete for water, light, and nutrients, so weed after a few weeks.
Protection from frost
Seedlings that were sown in autumn can cope with light frosts, but they should be covered before hard frost.
Space between the seedlings
Some of the seedlings require to be thinned out after a month or so. Their growth can be hindered by overcrowding, and they can get more susceptible to diseases. Final spacing is usually recommended on the seed packet.
The weakest and smallest seedlings need to be thinned out first of all. Removing a few more of them will not be harmful if you haven’t reached the final spacing yet. Take care while pulling out unwanted seedlings so that the roots of the remaining plants aren’t loosened.
When to sow the seeds
These plants include annuals, biennials, and perennials. They should be planted mainly in spring and early autumn. Biennials usually grow well in summer.
Plants like cosmos and French marigolds like the late spring season after the last frost to germinate properly.
The seasons preferred by vegetable seeds are spring and summer. Most hardy and fast-maturing crops need early autumn as well. That works best for them.
Each specific plant has exact planting months written on its seed packets, so keep going through the packet before taking measures. Another thing to remember is that sowing can start earlier in milder regions, while colder regions offer a late timing for sowing. Spring is the time when lighter soil warms up more quickly and is ready for sowing.
How deep do you plant seeds?
Usually, it is recommended that seeds should be planted at a depth equal to two or three times their width. It is not a good idea to plant seeds too deep. You can rather sow them too shallow. Some seeds like Lettuces and Snapdragon need light to germinate, so they shouldn’t be covered at all.
Can you put flower seeds directly into the soil?
That depends on whether you are growing your seeds into the garden or the container. If the seeds have to be sewn into the garden, it is better to prepare the site beforehand. It is beneficial because it increases the chances of growing a healthy crop. The warm and moist soil provides the best conditions for seeds to be sown, and they germinate fast.
How do you start a garden for beginners?
First of all, decide on what you would like to grow in your garden. Pick a location and plan your garden beds. Now comes the investment in your basic garden tools. Test the soil before you sow the seeds. Now prepare the soil and choose the right seeds as per the environment and climate. Make sure to plant the seeds with care. Water them as much as they require.
Should seeds be soaked before planting?
Soaking before planting is very beneficial because this process helps the seed break its natural defenses again the natural. That is rather useful because it helps the seed germinate faster. Nature actively assaults seeds, but it has also built an Internal gauge in those seeds to help them know when they should grow.
Planting seeds in your outdoor garden is not hard as it sounds. Use a trowel or bamboo cane to make a drill in prepared soil. On the seed packet, there will be a space recommended. Sow the seeds along with the drill at that place. Now cover up the seed with the soil in the surrounding.
Push soil from either side of the drill. Make sure to break up large lumps of soil as you. This way, many vegetables, herbs, annuals, and perennials sprout easily from the seeds sown in the soil—the best time to plant most of your vegetable seeds in April. You can also plant tomatoes and peppers. Make sure you keep a check on the gardening zone for the last frost dates.